Fruit Orchards were an essential cornerstone of Mughal Gardens . It is said Pomegranates were introduced to India by the first Mughal Emperor Babar.
The Aga Khan Foundation has given the Sunder Nursery in New Delhi a makeover and recreated a spectacular Mughal Garden (in turn inspired by Persian Gardens ) of the 15th Century .
An orchard of Citrus trees encircle the Sunder Burj , have a look at the Pretty Tree in the picture below.
Sour Lime ( English) , Nimbu ( Hindi), Nimbukah ( Sanskrit) or Citrus aurantifolia ( Scientific name) belongs to the Citrus family called Rutaceae.
Not as thick skinned as the Lemons, the Lime is nonetheless very similar.
These lavender coloured buds exude a lovely but typically citrus aroma which attracts a large number of pollinators.
The flowers grow in clusters , are white in colour with a brush of lavender.
The Lime flowers have a distinctive and sweet aroma which is infused in the leaves as well.
The double leaves of the Citrus family are a distinctive feature of the Lime Tree as well, thought not as pronounced in this species at the Sunder Nursery.
Having completed their task the petals are shed and the flowers gradually transform into Fruits.
The Lime Tree is a unique distinctive species, native to the Indian Sub Continent. Rich in Vitamin C it was the cure for the dreaded disease Scurvy.
British sailors were administered Lime to combat Scurvy which they contracted on account of long journeys at Sea. They were thus nicknamed Limeys.
transforming from flower to fruit
The fully developed Lime fruits have numerous Medicinal Properties as well. It combats Obesity, acts as a Natural Tranquilizer as it calms the nerves, helps in treating Hypertension and is an Antiseptic as well.
Remember the song Lemon Tree Very Pretty.
The Lime tree has travelled a long journey from India to Arabia in the 10th century. To Spain from Arabia through the Moors and from Spain to the Americas.
Even the word Lime is derived from the word limun in Arabic or Persian.